Publication details

Authors: Patil, A.; Zaky, S. H.; Chong, R.; Verdelis, K.; Beniash, E. 
Title: In vivo study of self-assembled alkylsilane coated degradable magnesium devices 
Type: Journal Article 
Publisher: J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 
Year: 2018 
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DOI: 10.1002/jbm.b.34126 
Abstract: Magnesium (Mg) and its alloys are candidate materials for resorbable implantable devices, such as orthopedic devices or cardiovascular stents. Mg has a number advantages, including mechanical properties, light weight, its osteogenic effects and the fact that its degradation products are nontoxic and naturally present in the body. However, production of H2 gas during the corrosion reaction can cause formation of gas pockets at the implantation site, posing a barrier to clinical applications of Mg. It is therefore desirable to develop methods to control corrosion rate and gas pocket formation around the implants. Here we evaluate the potential of self-assembled multilayer alkylsilane (AS) coatings to control Mg device corrosion and formation of gas pockets in vivo and to assess effects of the AS coatings on the surrounding tissues in a subcutaneous mouse model over a 6 weeks' period. The coating significantly slowed down corrosion and gas pocket formation as evidenced by smaller gas pockets around the AS coated implants (ANOVA; p = 0.013) and decrease in the weight loss values (t test; p = 0.07). Importantly, the microCT and profilometry analyses demonstrated that the coating inhibited the pitting corrosion. Specifically, the roughness of the coated samples was approximately 30% lower than uncoated specimen (p = 0.02). Histological assessment of the tissues under the implant revealed no inflammation or foreign body reaction. Overall, our results demonstrate the feasibility of use of the seld assembled AS coatings for reduction of gas pocket formation around the resorbable Mg devices. (c) 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2018. 
Keywords: alkylsilane, coating, corrosion, degradable implant, magnesium, roughness, self-assembly, toxicity