Publication details

Authors: Bhaumik, Anagh; Nori, Sudhakar; Sachan, Ritesh; Gupta, Siddharth; Kumar, Dhananjay; Majumdar, Alak Kumar; Narayan, Jagdish 
Title: Room-Temperature Ferromagnetism and Extraordinary Hall Effect in Nanostructured Q-Carbon: Implications for Potential Spintronic Devices 
Type: Journal Article 
Publisher: ACS Applied Nano Materials 
Year: 2018 
Start Page: 807 
End Page: 819 
DOI: 10.1021/acsanm.7b00253 
Abstract: We report extraordinary Hall effect and room-temperature ferromagnetism in undoped Q-carbon, which is formed by nanosecond pulsed laser melting and subsequent quenching process. Through detailed structureproperty correlations in Q-carbon thin films, we show the excess amount of unpaired electrons near the Fermi energy level give rise to interesting magnetic and electrical properties. The analysis of the extraordinary Hall effect in Q-carbon follows nonclassical side-jump electronic scattering mechanism. The isothermal field-dependent magnetization plots confirm room-temperature ferromagnetism in Q-carbon with a finite coercivity at 300 K and a Curie temperature of 570 K, obtained by the extrapolation of the fits to experimental data using modified Blochs law. High-resolution scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy clearly illustrate the formation of Q-carbon and its subsequent conversion to single-crystalline diamond. Further, we found n-type conductivity in Q-carbon in the entire temperature range from 10 to 300 K based on the extraordinary Hall coefficient versus magnetic field experiments. This discovery of interesting magnetic and electron transport properties of Q-carbon show that nonequilibrium synthesis technique using super undercooling process can be used to fabricate new materials with greatly enhanced physical properties and functionalities. The observed robust room-temperature ferromagnetism coupled with extraordinary Hall effect in Q-carbon will find potential applications in carbon-based spintronics.