Publication details

Authors: Johnson Carl A Jr; Vandenberghe Stijn; Daly Amanda R; Woolley Joshua R; Snyder Shaun T; Verkaik Josiah E; Ye Sang-Ho; Borovetz Harvey S; Antaki James F; Wearden Peter D; Kameneva Marina V; Wagner William R 
Title: Biocompatibility assessment of the first generation PediaFlow pediatric ventricular assist device 
Type: Journal Article 
Publisher: Artif Organs 
Year: 2011 
Volume: 35 
Start Page: 
End Page: 21 
Abstract: The PediaFlow pediatric ventricular assist device is a miniature magnetically levitated mixed flow pump under development for circulatory support of newborns and infants (3-15 kg) with a targeted flow range of 0.3-1.5 L/min. The first generation design of the PediaFlow (PF1) was manufactured with a weight of approximately 100 g, priming volume less than 2 mL, length of 51 mm, outer diameter of 28 mm, and with 5-mm blood ports. PF1 was evaluated in an in vitro flow loop for 6 h and implanted in ovines for three chronic experiments of 6, 17, and 10 days. In the in vitro test, normalized index of hemolysis was 0.0087 .+-. 0.0024 g/100L. Hemodynamic performance and blood biocompatibility of PF1 were characterized in vivo by measurements of plasma free hemoglobin, plasma fibrinogen, total plasma protein, and with novel flow cytometric assays to quantify circulating activated ovine platelets. The mean plasma free hemoglobin values for the three chronic studies were 4.6 .+-. 2.7, 13.3 .+-. 7.9, and 8.8 .+-. 3.3 mg/dL, respectively. Platelet activation was low for portions of several studies but consistently rose along with observed animal and pump complications. The PF1 prototype generated promising results in terms of low hemolysis and platelet activation in the absence of complications. Hemodynamic results validated the magnetic bearing design and provided the platform for design iterations to meet the objective of providing circulatory support for young children with exceptional biocompatibility. .COPYRGT. 2010, Copyright the Authors. Artificial Organs .COPYRGT. 2010, International Center for Artificial Organs and Transplantation and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. [on SciFinder (R)]