Publication details

Authors: Schulz, M. J.; Maheshwari, G.; Abot, J.; Song, Y.; Jayasinghe, C.; Mallik, N.; Shanov, V.; Dadhania, M.; Yun, Y.; Yarmolenko, S.; Sankar, J. 
Title: Responsive nanomaterials for engineering asset evaluation and condition monitoring 
Type: Journal Article 
Publisher: Insight 
Year: 2008 
Volume: 50 
Start Page: 436 
End Page: 449 
DOI: 10.1784/insi.2008.50.8.436 
Abstract: Responsive nanomaterials are being developed through interdisciplinary research to improve and evaluate the performance of engineering assets. An overview of the work is given here. Nanomaterials are defined as bulk materials that have nanoparticle components. Responsive materials art defined as having an intrinsic ability to sense their condition and potentially respond when performance of the material is being affected or degraded. Responsive nanomaterials are a new class of material being developed by integrating nanoscale particles into host materials to provide the properties that we want. Nanomaterials can have unique combinations of properties such as a high surface area to volume ratio of the nanophase components, improved stiffness and strength, supercapacitance, electrical conductivity, magnetic properties, lightweight, photonic, and other properties. The focus of this paper is on development of responsive materials based on commercially available nanoscale materials that can be put into applications now. The nanoscale materials considered are carbon nanofibres, carbon nanosphere chains, long carbon nanotubes, and the intermediate products of these materials. Nanoengineering of multifunctional responsive materials is predicted to open tip many new opportunities in the field of condition monitoring and asset evaluation, not just for structures, but also for humans, electronics, and the environment. New classes of responsive nanomaterials such as piezoresponsive, magnetoresponsive, photoresponsive, thermoresponsive and others may eventually enable the design of engineering assets that are self-monitoring and partially self-repairable, thus making high technology machines, vehicles, and structures safer for society and safeguarded against misuse. 
Keywords: carbon nanofibre, carbon nanosphere chain, carbon nanotube, responsive nanomaterial, engineering asset evaluation, condition monitoring, carbon nanotube, artificial muscles, smart materials, sensors