Publication details

Authors: Wang, Juan; Giridharan, Venkataraman; Shanov, Vesselin; Xu, Zhigang; Collins, Boyce; White, Leon; Jang, Yongseok; Sankar, Jagannathan; Huang, Nan; Yun, Yeoheung 
Title: Flow-induced corrosion behavior of absorbable magnesium-based stents 
Type: Journal Article 
Publisher: Acta Biomaterialia 
Year: 2014 
Volume: 10 
Issue: 12 
Start Page: 5213 
End Page: 5223 
DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2014.08.034 
Abstract: The aim of this work was to study corrosion behavior of magnesium (Mg) alloys (MgZnCa plates and AZ31 stents) under varied fluid flow conditions representative of the vascular environment. Experiments revealed that fluid hydrodynamics, fluid flow velocity and shear stress play essential roles in the corrosion behavior of absorbable magnesium-based stent devices. Flow-induced shear stress (FISS) accelerates the overall corrosion (including localized, uniform, pitting and erosion corrosions) due to the increased mass transfer and mechanical force. FISS increased the average uniform corrosion rate, the localized corrosion coverage ratios and depths and the removal rate of corrosion products inside the corrosion pits. For MgZnCa plates, an increase of FISS results in an increased pitting factor but saturates at an FISS of <0.15 Pa. For AZ31 stents, the volume loss ratio (31%) at 0.056 Pa was nearly twice that (17%) at 0 Pa before and after corrosion. Flow direction has a significant impact on corrosion behavior as more severe pitting and erosion corrosion was observed on the back ends of the MgZnCa plates, and the corrosion product layer facing the flow direction peeled off from the AZ31 stent struts. This study demonstrates that flow-induced corrosion needs be understood so that Mg-based stents in vascular environments can be effectively designed. 
Keywords: Magnesium, Stent, Flow-induced shear stress, Corrosion, Corrosion products