Publication details

Authors: Wang, Tingting; Zhao, Daoli; Alvarez, Noe; Shanov, Vesselin N.; Heineman, William R. 
Title: Optically Transparent Carbon Nanotube Film Electrode for Thin Layer Spectroelectrochemistry 
Type: Journal Article 
Publisher: Analytical Chemistry 
Year: 2015 
Volume: 87 
Issue: 19 
Start Page: 9687 
End Page: 9695 
DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.5b01784 
Abstract: Carbon nanotube (CNT) film was evaluated as an optically transparent electrode (OTE) for thin layer spectroelectrochemistry. Chemically inert CNT arrays were synthesized by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) using thin films of Fe and Co as catalysts. Vertically aligned CNT arrays were drawn onto a quartz slide to form CNT films that constituted the OTE. Adequate conductivity and transparency make this material a good OTE for spectroelectrochemistry. These properties could be varied by the number of layers of CNTs used to form the OTE. Detection in the UV/near UV region down to 200 nm can be achieved using these transparent CNT films on quartz. The OTE was characterized by transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, UV?visible spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and thin layer spectroelectrochemistry. Ferricyanide, tris(2,2?-bipyridine) ruthenium(II) chloride, and cytochrome c were used as representative redox probes for thin layer spectroelectrochemistry using the CNT film OTE, and the results correlated well with their known properties. Direct electron transfer of cytochrome c was achieved on the CNT film electrode.