Publication details

Authors: White, Leon; Koo, Youngmi; Neralla, Sudheer; Sankar, Jagannathan; Yun, Yeoheung 
Title: Enhanced mechanical properties and increased corrosion resistance of a biodegradable magnesium alloy by plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) 
Type: Journal Article 
Publisher: Materials Science and Engineering: B 
Year: 2016 
Volume: 208 
Start Page: 39 
End Page: 46 
DOI: 10.1016/j.mseb.2016.02.005 
Abstract: We report the enhanced mechanical properties of AZ31 magnesium alloys by plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) coating in NaOH, Na2SiO3, KF and NaH2PO42H2O containing electrolytes. Mechanical properties including wear resistance, surface hardness and elastic modulus were increased for PEO-coated AZ31 Mg alloys (PEO-AZ31). DC polarization in Hank's solution indicating that the corrosion resistance significantly increased for PEO-coating in KF-contained electrolyte. Based on these results, the PEO coating method shows promising potential for use in biodegradable implant applications where tunable corrosion and mechanical properties are needed. 
Keywords: Plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO), Magnesium, Biodegradable materials, Coated AZ31 alloy