Publication details

Authors: Cho, W. D.; Schulz, M.; Shanov, V. 
Title: Growth and characterization of vertically aligned centimeter long CNT arrays 
Type: Journal Article 
Publisher: Carbon 
Year: 2014 
Volume: 72 
Start Page: 264 
End Page: 273 
DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2014.01.074 
Abstract: Record-long (21.7 mm) vertically aligned MWNT arrays were synthesized using water-assisted thermal CVD process. The catalyst lifetime was maintained for 790 min at optimized experimental condition. The growth of the centimeter long CNT was observed by real time photography at different growth conditions. The growth length increased linearly with increasing growth time followed by a sudden growth end. The ratio of ethylene and H-2 concentration as well as the water and ethylene concentration was studied and optimized which led to prolong catalyst lifetime. Transmission electron microscope images confirmed that most CNTs were double wall and the number of wall distribution was uniform along different height position. Raman spectra showed that the I-D/I-G ratio remained constant at the 3 studied positions along the CNT. TGA demonstrated negligible impurity incorporation in the CNT array. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 
Keywords: carbon nanotube arrays, chemical-vapor-deposition, mechanism, kinetics, electrodes, forests, yarns