Publication details

Authors: Nahan, K. S.; Alvarez, N.; Shanov, V.; Vonderheide, A. 
Title: Carbon Nanotube Fiber Ionization Mass Spectrometry: A Fundamental Study of a Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Functionalized Corona Discharge Pin for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Analysis 
Type: Journal Article 
Publisher: J Am Soc Mass Spectrom 
Year: 2017 
Volume: 28 
Issue: 11 
Start Page: 2408 
End Page: 2413 
DOI: 10.1007/s13361-017-1774-0 
Abstract: Mass spectrometry continues to tackle many complicated tasks, and ongoing research seeks to simplify its instrumentation as well as sampling. The desorption electrospray ionization (DESI) source was the first ambient ionization source to function without extensive gas requirements and chromatography. Electrospray techniques generally have low efficiency for ionization of nonpolar analytes and some researchers have resorted to methods such as direct analysis in real time (DART) or desorption atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (DAPCI) for their analysis. In this work, a carbon nanotube fiber ionization (nanoCFI) source was developed and was found to be capable of solid phase microextraction (SPME) of nonpolar analytes as well as ionization and sampling similar to that of direct probe atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (DP-APCI). Conductivity and adsorption were maintained by utilizing a corona pin functionalized with a multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) thread. Quantitative work with the nanoCFI source with a designed corona discharge pin insert demonstrated linearity up to 0.97 (R(2)) of three target PAHs with phenanthrene internal standard. Graphical Abstract . 
Keywords: Apci, Carbon fiber ionization, Carbon nanotube, Corona discharge, Polycylic aromatic hydrocarbons, Spme