Publication details

Authors: Wu, Jingyao; Zhao, Daoli; Ohodnicki, John M.; Lee, Boeun; Roy, Abhijit; Yao, Raymon; Chen, Shauna; Dong, Zhongyun; Heineman, William R.; Kumta, Prashant N. 
Title: In Vitro and in Vivo Evaluation of Multiphase Ultrahigh Ductility Mg-Li-Zn Alloys for Cardiovascular Stent Application 
Type: Journal Article 
Publisher: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering  
Year: 2018 
Start Page: 919-932 
End Page:  
DOI: 10.1021/acsbiomaterials.7b00854 
Abstract: Magnesium alloys have been extensively studied as a novel biodegradable metallic material for cardiovascular stent application. However, the ductility limitation of magnesium alloy has been a key issue for biodegradable stents applications. In this study, two different multiphase ultrahigh ductility MgLiZn alloys, LZ61 and LZ91, are fabricated in the form of extruded rods and evaluated both in vitro and in vivo. The microstructure, mechanical properties and in vitro degradation are evaluated as well as in vitro cytotoxicity. The in vivo degradation, tissue response, and systematic toxicity are evaluated in a mouse subcutaneous model. Measurements show that LZ61 and LZ91 exhibit more than 40% elongation at fracture without significantly compromising the strength. Both in vitro and in vivo degradation showed low degradation rates for LZ61 but high degradation rate for the LZ91 alloy. Excellent biocompatibility is observed both in vivo and in vitro for LZ61 and LZ91. In summary, this study successfully demonstrates that the ultraductility multiphase MgLiZn alloy has the potential to be used for stent applications. Compared to LZ91, the LZ61 alloy shows better balance of mechanical properties, corrosion resistance, and biocompatibility, indicating its promise for cardiovascular stent applications.  
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