Publication details

Authors: Ramasamy, Karthik; Sims, Hunter; Gupta, Ram K.; Kumar, Dhananjay; Butler, William H.; Gupta, Arunava 
Title: CoxCu1xCr2S4 Nanocrystals: Synthesis, Magnetism, and Band Structure Calculations 
Type: Journal Article 
Publisher: Chemistry of Materials 
Year: 2013 
Volume: 25 
Issue: 20 
Start Page: 4003 
End Page: 4009 
DOI: 10.1021/cm401938f 
Abstract: Spin-based transport in semiconductor systems has been proposed as the foundation of a new class of spintronic devices. For the practical realization of such devices, it is important to identify new magnetic systems operating at room temperature that can be readily integrated with standard semiconductors. A promising class of materials for this purpose is magnetic chromium-based chalcogenides that have the spinel structure. Nanocrystals of CoxCu1?xCr2S4 have been synthesized over the entire composition range by a facile solution-based method. While CuCr2S4 is a ferromagnetic metal, CoCr2S4 is known to be a ferrimagnetic semiconductor. Systematic changes in the lattice parameter, size, and magnetic properties of the nanocrystals are observed with composition. The nanocrystals are magnetic over the entire range, with a decrease in the magnetic transition temperature with increasing Co content. Band structure calculations have been carried out to determine the electronic and magnetic structure as a function of composition. The results suggest that ferrimagnetic alignment of the Co and Cr moments results in a decrease in magnetization with increasing Co concentration.