Publication details

Authors: Hong, D.; Saha, P.; Chou, D. T.; Lee, B.; Collins, B. E.; Tan, Z. Q.; Dong, Z. Y.; Kumta, P. N. 
Title: In vitro degradation and cytotoxicity response of Mg-4% Zn-0.5% Zr (ZK40) alloy as a potential biodegradable material 
Type: Journal Article 
Publisher: Acta Biomaterialia 
Year: 2013 
Issue: 10 
Start Page: 8534 
End Page: 8547 
DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2013.07.001 
Abstract: Mg-4 wt.% Zn-0.5 wt.% Zr (ZK40) alloy was studied as a candidate material for biodegradable metallic implants in terms of its biocorrosion resistance, mechanical properties and cytocompatibility. The corrosion characteristics of ZK40 alloy were assessed by potentiodynamic polarization and immersion testing in DMEM + 10%FBS solution. Analysis of the degradation characteristics by potentiodynamic polarization measurements shows the corrosion rates of ZK40 alloy in as-cast and solution treatment (T4) condition were slightly higher than those of pure Mg or as-drawn AZ31. Determination of the corrosion rate by the weight loss technique reveals that the as-cast ZK40 resulted in slower degradation than other alloy specimens after 7 days of immersion but exhibited accelerated degradation after 14 and 21 days, respectively. T4-treated ZK40 exhibited stable degradation rates compared to as-cast ZK40 and close to those of pure Mg and AZ31 during immersion testing for 14 and 21 days. In order to examine the in vitro cytocompatibility of ZK40 alloy, live/dead cell viability assay and indirect MIT assay were performed using a murine osteoblast-like cell line (MC3T3). After 3 days of direct culture of MC3T3 on ZK40 alloys the live/dead assay indicated favorable cell viability and attachment. The degradation product of ZK40 also showed minimal cytotoxicity when assessed in indirect MTT assay. The mechanical properties of the as-cast and T4-treated ZK40 alloy were superior to those of pure Mg and comparable to as-drawn AZ31. Solution treatment did not significantly enhance the cytocompatibility and mechanical properties of ZK40 alloy. Overall, the ZK40 alloy exhibited favorable cytocompatibility, biocorrosion, and mechanical properties rendering it a potential candidate for degradable implant applications. (C) 2013 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 
Keywords: magnesium, biodegradation, mg-zn-zr, mechanical properties, cytocompatibility, mg-zn alloys, magnesium alloys, grain-refinement, mechanical-properties, vivo corrosion, microstructure, behavior, implants, biocompatibility, titanium